Trinidad and Tobago


The islands came under British control in the 19th century; independence was granted in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing.


Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 5,128 sq km
Land: 5,128 sq km
Water: 0 sq km


362 km

Maritime claims

Measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin


Tropical; rainy season (June to December)


Mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m


Trinidad and Tobago, the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses. Tourism is a growing sector, although not proportionately as important as in many other Caribbean islands. The economy benefits from low inflation and a growing trade surplus.

Prospects for growth in 2006 are good as prices for oil, petrochemicals, and liquefied natural gas are expected to remain high, and foreign direct investment continues to grow to support expanded capacity in the energy sector. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.


Airports: 6 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
Pipelines: condensate 253 km; gas 1,117 km; oil 478 km (2004)
Roadways: total: 8,320 km

Merchant marine

Total: 6 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,671 GRT/2,749 DWT
By type: passenger 2, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 1
Foreign-owned: 1 (US 1)
Registered in other countries: 3 (Panama 1, unknown 2) (2005)

Sailing Specifics: Ports and terminals

Pointe-a-Pierre, Point Lisas, Port-of-Spain


Barbados will assert its claim before the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that the northern limit of Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into its waters; Guyana has also expressed its intention to challenge this boundary as it may extend into its waters as well

Other Sailing Destinations in the Region

Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Aruba - Bahamas - Barbados - British Virgin Islands - Cayman Islands - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Grenada - Guadeloupe - Haiti - Jamaica - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Lucia - Martinique - Montserrat - Netherlands Antilles - Puerto Rico - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Virgin Islands (USA)

Further Reading

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