Cruising in Saint Kitts and Nevis

Background

First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to try and separate from Saint Kitts.

Geography

Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
Land: 261 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Coastline

135 km

Maritime claims

Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate

Tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain

Volcanic with mountainous interiors

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

Economy

Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange; about 40,000 tourist visited Nevis during the 2003-2004 season. Additional tourist facilities, including a second cruise ship pier, hotels, and golf courses are under construction.

Transportation

Airports: 2 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2005)
Railways: total: 50 km
narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane plantations during harvest season (2003)
Roadways: total: 320 km

Merchant marine

Total: 34 ships (1000 GRT or over) 143,627 GRT/202,477 DWT
By type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 21, chemical tanker 3, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 2
Foreign-owned: 30 (Monaco 1, Russia 4, Switzerland 1, Syria 1, Turkey 2, Ukraine 1, UAE 20) (2005)

Sailing Specifics: Ports and terminals

Basseterre, Charlestown   

Other Sailing Destinations in the Region

Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Aruba - Bahamas - Barbados - British Virgin Islands - Cayman Islands - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Grenada - Guadeloupe - Haiti - Jamaica - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Lucia - Martinique - Montserrat - Netherlands Antilles - Puerto Rico - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Virgin Islands (USA)

Further Reading

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