Cruising around Malta

Background

Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004.

Geography

Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total: 316 sq km
Land: 316 sq km

Coastline

196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

Maritime claims

Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm

Climate

Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain

Mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

Economy

Major resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles), and tourism. Continued sluggishness in the European economy is holding back exports, tourism, and overall growth.

Transportation

Airports: 1 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
Roadways: total: 2,254 km

Merchant marine

Total: 1,148 ships (1000 GRT or over) 22,791,072 GRT/36,951,514 DWT
By type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 420, cargo 311, chemical tanker 93, combination ore/oil 3, container 57, liquefied gas 8, livestock carrier 1, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 13, petroleum tanker 144, refrigerated cargo 40, roll on/roll off 32, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 14
Foreign-owned: 1,105 (Austria 1, Azerbaijan 2, Bangladesh 3, Belgium 11, Bulgaria 14, Canada 10, China 15, Croatia 11, Cyprus 5, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 3, Estonia 4, France 8, Germany 59, Greece 515, Hong Kong 2, Iceland 4, India 1, Indonesia 1, Iran 9, Israel 27, Italy 25, Japan 1, South Korea 5, Latvia 36, Lebanon 8, Monaco 4, Netherlands 5, Norway 43, Pakistan 1, Poland 27, Portugal 4, Romania 3, Russia 60, Slovenia 3, Spain 1, Sweden 3, Switzerland 21, Syria 6, Taiwan 1, Turkey 101, Ukraine 26, UAE 5, UK 6, US 4)
Registered in other countries: 9 (Panama 2, Portugal 1, Russia 5, unknown 1) (2005)

Sailing Specifics: Ports and terminals

Marsaxlokk, Valletta 

Other Sailing Destinations in the Region

Albania - Algeria - Bulgaria - Croatia - Cyprus - Egypt - France - Georgia - Gibraltar - Greece - Israel - Italy - Lebanon - Libya - Malta - Monaco - Morocco - Romania - Serbia and Montenegro - Slovenia - Spain - Syria - Tunisia - Turkey - Ukraine

Further Reading

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