Cruising to Jersey and the Channel Islands

Background

Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK.

Geography

Location: Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 15 N, 2 10 W
Map references: Europe
Area: total: 116 sq km

Coastline

70 km

Maritime claims

Territorial sea: 3 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Climate

Temperate; mild winters and cool summers

Terrain

Gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: unnamed location 143 m

Economy

Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 1996, the finance sector accounted for about 60% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries.

Tourism accounts for 24% of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.

Transportation

Airports: 1 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2005)
Roadways: total: 577 km

Sailing Specifics: Ports and terminals

Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier

Further Reading

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